Excision of Land, Excision In Progress, And Gazette Document

Have you ever encountered the terms Excision of land, Excision in progress, and Gazette documents without knowing the difference?

Understanding these three terms is crucial, particularly if you’re considering purchasing a piece of land. You must comprehend and take these factors into account before making a land purchase. Let’s unravel the mystery behind these terms!

Excision of land, Excision in progress, Gazette document


According to the Land Use Act (1978), the government owns all land. It may release portions of it to previous owners with confirmed proof of ownership. Before the Land Use Act of 1978, traditional families and groups controlled most of the country’s lands; however, the Land Use Act of 1978 gave Governors direct control over lands. After the Land Use Act was implemented, the land excision process was used to compensate the original landowners.

In simple terms, excised land is a property that the government once possessed but now belongs to the people. Excision of land denotes the legal release of a portion of land to indigenous settlers through a government gazette.

It is a legal process by which governments release land to native landowners. After a piece of land has been excised, the government no longer owns the landed property. The recipients have complete control over it and are free to use it however they see fit within local rules and regulations.


A piece of land must first be excised before it can be released to the indigenous people. Excision in progress is, however, the process of returning a piece of land the government has acquired to its native owners. Simply put, Excision in progress refers to the legal process of transferring land from the government to indigenous people for their use. Want to buy a land? Here’s why you shouldn’t buy a land with the title Excision in Progress.


1. The application for land excision will be forwarded to the Land Use Allocation Committee (LUAC) assigned by your state for processing. The proposal would contain information on the population, the purpose of the excised location. The proposal will also contain the community’s historical development, and other vital information.

2. The letter will be forwarded to the LUAC Technical Committee for further processing within seven days of receipt.

3. Following that, the area to be excised’s perimeter will be surveyed by the surveyor general. The surveyor-general will examine the charting and determine if the intended Excision falls within the government-attained region. The proposal will be immediately withdrawn if the intended Excision falls within the government-attained area.

4. The technical committee will physically examine the area after getting approval from the surveyor general. The aim is to confirm the authenticity of the claims made in the application and to interview community members to acquire further information that will be essential in deciding whether the application is accepted or denied. This time-span of this is 14 days after the issuance of the Surveyor General’s report.

5. After checking the property, the technical company can decide if the intended use of the land is in line with the master plan for the area.

6. After that, the technical committee drafts a report and delivers it to the LUAC. The report contains information gathered from the land, findings of on-site inspection, & recommendations for whether the permit should be granted or canceled.

7. The LUAC reviews all the documents and information provided by the technical committee, reaches a conclusion, and recommends a course of action to the governor, which may include granting or rejecting the excision request for relevant reasons.

8. Immediately after the governor’s office receives the excision order, the surveyor general’s office is notified. Within 30 days, a comprehensive perimeter survey of the selected region is completed.

9. Licensed Town planners and other people interested in the land excision idea will be commissioned to create a layout plan for the new section of land, which will then be submitted for endorsement to the state’s Ministry of Physical Planning and Economic Development.

10. The individuals receiving the land must agree with the government to take the landed property in full settlement on all prior claims on the land. Also, the grantees may agree to compensate the government for losses incurred due to encroachment and vandalism of land caused by relatives and individuals outside the excised location.

11. When all conditions are satisfied, the technical committee will publish the land excision in the Lagos State Government’s official Gazette.

12. The official Gazette will be published by the technical committee in at least one widely read publication. The goal of the publication is to notify the general public of the land’s status, the boundary of the excised land, and other significant information. The applicant is responsible for covering the cost of the newspaper advertisement.

13. The government is obligated to give a certificate of occupancy on the land excised to the authorized grantee members by 30 days after the official Gazette has been published in newspapers.

14. After the steps above have been completed, all administrative files and records related to the Excision are sent to the state’s land bureau office. The Excision, surveys, maps, titles, and gazettes are then adequately entered into the records by the Registrar of Lands of the Excised Lands Agency.


A Gazette document is a government journal used to track how many lands belong to the community and how much the government has acquired. It can be characterized as a formal announcement by the government announcing the excise of a specific parcel of land. The Gazette contains a record of each excised parcel of land.

Communities that have received Excision will be included in a Gazette along with the number of hectares the government allotted to them. The Gazette states the size, position, and location of the lands. It displays the day, month, year, volume, and page on which it was recorded. It also displays the beacons’ precise location, indicating the beginning and end of both the community land and the newly acquired government land. 

Summarily, Excision refers to the transfer of land from the government to the native population, and the Gazette is the official record to that effect.

There you have the differences between Excision, Excision in Progress, and Gazette documents. The three terms discussed in this article go hand in hand and aren’t independent. Having adequate knowledge of these terms will help prevent you from wasting time and resources, especially when looking to buy a piece of land!

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